|Impacted Wisdom Teeth|
|An impacted tooth is a tooth that fails to completely emerge through the gums. The specific reasons why a person’s wisdom teeth have to be extracted should be explained to them by their dentist. It is usually done after an examination which almost certainly will need to include x-rays. Impacted wisdom teeth are very common condition. As a rule, they are painless and cause no obvious difficulty. The majority of people have four wisdom teeth, one in each corner of the mouth- two on top, and two on bottom. Wisdom teeth are also called third molars are the last teeth to erupt.|
As you probably know, wisdom teeth are the last of your teeth to come in, or erupt through the gums. In actual fact, wisdom teeth are an example of a vestigial structure. They are commonly thought to be called wisdom teeth for the reason that they come out so late- much later than the other teeth, at an age where people are theoretically wiser than as a child, when the other teeth erupt.
An impacted tooth stays embedded in soft gum tissue or bone far away from its normal eruption time. The cause may be overcrowding, often because the jaw is too small to adjust the third set of molars. Wisdom teeth are the last permanent teeth to grow. They come into view in the mouth between the ages of 18-24 years and may develop in the jaw but never erupt or come out in the mouth.
Mesioangular impaction is the most common form of impacted wisdom tooth. It means that the tooth is leaned forward, towards the front of the mouth. Not always wisdom teeth lead to problems but classic problems linked with partly erupted wisdom teeth are recurrent swelling and tenderness, constant pain, restricted mouth opening and bad breath or an unpleasant taste in the mouth. A condition that often happens when wisdom teeth are impacted is pericoronitis. The term pericoronitis particularly addresses to an infection placed in the tissues that surround a tooth that has not completely emerged through the gums and into its correct position.
In case if a wisdom tooth is partly erupted, food and bacteria gather under the gum resulting in appearance of a local infection. This may lead to bad breath, pain, swelling and trismus. Impacted wisdom teeth fall into one of several categories. Vertical impaction happens when the formed tooth does not erupt completely through the gumline. It is usually considered that teeth that stay entirely buried or un-erupted in a normal position are not likely to cause any damage to the patient.