|Hormones and Oral Health|
|It is considered that women are somewhat more susceptible to different types of oral health problems. Everything is due to the unique hormonal changes, they experience. And these hormonal changes influence not only the blood supply to the gum tissue, but also the entire body’s response to the toxins, which can result from plaque build up. And it is because of all these changes, women are more prone to the periodontal disease development and to some other oral health problems at some certain stages of their lives. |
And there are five situations during practically every woman’s life, when hormone fluctuations can make her more susceptible to all kinds of oral health problems. These situations are: puberty, at some certain points in the monthly menstrual cycle, when taking birth control pills, during the period of pregnancy and at menopause.
The surge in production of the female hormones, such as estrogen and progesterone, which usually occurs during the period of puberty, can become the reason of the increased blood flow to the gums, and to change the way gum issue reacts to irritants in plaque, which causes the gum tissue to become red, swollen, tender and much more likely to bleed during brushing and flossing processes.
The monthly menstrual cycle
It is a well known fact, that there are major hormonal changes occur during the menstruation in every woman. In particular it is the increase of the levels of progesterone. These changes can result into some oral changes, such as gums becoming brighter and swollen, salivary glands also get swollen, canker sores can develop, as well as gums may begin to bleed. Menstruation gingivitis is not uncommon in many women, and as a rule it occurs a day or two before the first day of her period and it clears up soon after the period has started.
Use of birth control pills
It is also possible that women, who prefer to take some certain progesterone - containing oral means of contraception, which increase the level of this hormone in the body, may suffer from gum tissue inflammation because of the body’s exaggerated reaction to the toxins, produced form plaque. This is why it is necessary to inform the dentist about taking any oral means of contraception.
There is no doubt that levels of the majority of hormones get changed during the period of pregnancy. However, not all of them can become the reasons of some serious health problems. Talking more particular, an increase level of progesterone hormone can cause gingivitis any dime during the second and up to eight month of pregnancy. This condition is considered to be pregnancy gingivitis. If a woman suffers from it, her dentist may recommend her have more frequent professional cleanings during the second or the beginning of the third trimester in order to help reduce the chance of gingivitis progressing.
There are lost of possible oral changes, which can occur in the result of advanced age, because of some medications taken to combat diseases, as well as because of the hormonal changes due to menopause. To some of these oral changes may belong altered taste, burning sensation in the mouth, decreased salivary flow, which can cause dry mouth, greater sensitivity to hot and cold foods and beverages, etc.
Usually menopause is accompanied by the decline of a female hormone estrogen, the condition, which also pots women at much greater risk for loss of bone density. And loss of bone, especially in the area of jaws, can become the result of tooth loss. As a rule receding gums are considered to be a sign of bone loss in the jawbone. Receding gums also expose more of the surface of the tooth to potential tooth decay.